About certificates for services

Each network device is given a "certificate" to prove its identity and, in some cases, allow it to issue other certificates.

Certificates contain two parts:

Certificates that can issue other certificates are known as Certificate Authorities. Certificate Authorities can create and sign for other certificates using their own private keys to verify that the signed certificate is trusted.

You manage those certificates used by the Smoothwall to sign for services, such as, HTTPS inspection policies, here.

An italic certificate Name indicates a missing root certificate.

The Certificate column indicates when that certificate or Certificate Authority (CA) expires. Those that expire within the next six months have amber text. Certificates expiring within one month are colored red . Those in bold text have expired.

Certificate Authorities, that is, those that can sign for other certificates are indicated with an icon in the Key column. This column also indicates the algorithm used to encrypt the certificate, and the key size.

The Used by column indicates the Smoothwall services where the certificate is used:

Note: Certificates for VPN services are still managed from the Certificate authorities page. See the help topic, Importing and creating certificate authorities and their certificates.

You can add new individual certificates to a root CA. New certificates are valid for three years from the date of creation automatically. The key, also known as the fingerprint, is automatically generated using European ECRYPT2-2010 recommendations. It's suitable for long term protection and is expected to be secure until the year 2040.

Dynamic certificates

Dynamic certificates are created by the Smoothwall automatically for its services. They're regenerated (such as on host name change) so we don't recommend that you export these for use with client devices. As these are signed by the default Certificate Authority, you should export that as the top of the trust chain.

Importing new certificates

You can import multiple certificates and keys, no matter their format or how many files they're presented in. Valid formats are:

The Smoothwall analyzes the files for valid certificates and keys. If found, the certificates and keys are displayed under the Discovered Keys and Certificates section for each file imported. You're also advised if there's nothing to import from any of the chosen files. SSL certificates and keys can be "wrapped" in containers that need passwords to open them. If such a container is uploaded, you're prompted to enter the password to decrypt that file.

Default certificate authority

Typically, the Smoothwall creates a default CA that can be used by client devices. If you're using Active Directory, or have your own trusted Certificate Authority, you can import this and set it as the default CA. Client devices that trust this CA automatically trust any Smoothwall services assigned to Dynamic certificates in the trust chain.

Read more

Examples

Things you can do here

Adding certificates for service manually

Adding a root certificate authority

Importing and exporting certificates

Page reference details

Certificates for services

Export

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